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Graph API with PowerShell

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English Graph API Azure PowerShell Beginner
rOger Eisenecher
Author ::..
rOger Eisenecher
> 12 years leading and building a SOC for MSSP • > 20 years working in security • > 40 years working with IT • 100% tech nerd.
Table of Contents
Graph API - This article is part of a series.
Part 2: This Article

In the first part of this serie we checked the basics of the Graph API. Now in this part we will use a dedicated PowerShell module to explore the API further more.


Microsoft provides simple tools to use Graph API without dealing too much with programming knowledge. In this article we will use PowerShell and the PowerShell Module Microsoft.Graph (known als PowerShell SDK) to do basically the same tasks we did in part 1 of this article series.


Before we can start we have to install the PowerShell module Microsoft.Graph - preferable on top of PowerShell version 7. To start install following packages on your system (you should have administrator rights):

  1. PowerShell Version 7. Start the pre-installed PowerShell on your system with administrative privileges and issue following command:
winget install --id Microsoft.Powershell --source winget

Agree to install the package.

  1. PowerShell module Microsoft.Graph: Start your newly installed PowerShell Version 7 with administrative privileges and issue following commands:
Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned -Scope AllUsers
Install-Module Microsoft.Graph -Scope AllUsers

Verify your installation

To make sure that you successfully installed the required software open a PowerShell command line and issue following commands:


Output of $PSVersionTable - you should see version number 7.x.x in line PSVersion (here 7.3.1).


Output of Get-InstalledModule - you should see a bunch of Microsoft.Graph modules.

Perfect. Now you are ready for the first steps!

First step with PowerShell SDK for Graph API

So finally we have done all heavy work. Now we will use the stuff we installed. We will do basically the same task as we did in part 1 of this serie.

For this we have to do the following:

  1. Log into Azure AD with your credentials
  2. Query the Graph API with corresponding “cmdlet”
  3. Logoff

Log into Azure AD

This is simple. Just issue:


An Azure AD authentication will be started by opening a corresponding page in your web browser. You have to authenticate and give access to initiated session.

Remark: This requires that you are able to register applications in your tenant. Probably your admin has prohibited this possiblity; then you have to ask him for corresponding permissions.

Query Graph API with PowerShell “cmdlet”

Also a super easy task if you know the required command:


Detailed documentation: Get-MgUser


Finally best practise is to logoff after you finished working with the PowerShell SDK:



If everything working fine you should see something like the following screenshot:

Output of the complete session from login, query and logoff.

A deeper look

Even the PowerShell SDK provides many different commands as equivalents for corresponding API calls not every call is implemented. But you have now already done the required ground work to use the API.

Do you remember the Graph API Url you played around in part 1 of this serie?


As soon as you are signed in your AAD account (with Connect-MgGraph) you can call directly API Urls in this way:

Invoke-MgGraphRequest -Method GET

Output of call Invoke-MgGraphRequest -Method GET

Next steps

Try to query more information with PowerShell cmdlet’s:

Further Reading

Microsoft has a very nice documentation regarding all the PowerShell SDK cmdlets. Here are some pointers:

Graph API - This article is part of a series.
Part 2: This Article